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Saudi Arabian SSF and PSS Camo Patterns

A Saudi SSD (Special Security Forces) operator wearing a four-colour desert disruptive pattern UBACS, photographed near Riyadh, March 2022 [© Bob Morrison]

At the recent World Defence Show (WDS 2022) in Saudi Arabia I had the chance to photograph the rarely seen SSF camo and other PSS patterns, writes Bob Morrison.


In 2017 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia combined its counter-terrorism and domestic intelligence services under a new Presidency of State Security (PSS), bringing the General Investigations Directorate, the Special Security Forces, the Special Emergency Force, Security Aviation, and the National Information Centre under a single command. At WDS I was able to photograph the distinctive camouflage patterns worn by the SSF, SEF and SA.

First the Special Security Forces or SSF. The accompanying photos of the four-colour disruptive pattern camouflage were taken during the dress rehearsal for a planned dynamic display of interoperability on the day prior to WDS 22 commencing; see the feature Royal Saudi Special Security Forces for more.

The Saudi SSF desert camo ~ this is the back panel of a combat shirt ~ is similar to the first type of Omani DPM but the orange shade is much lighter and the base colour is a warmer shade [© Bob Morrison]

Clearly a derivative of the classic British DPM (Disruptive Pattern Material) dating from around 1967, the SSF version has some similarities with the original, i.e. first version, Omani Orange DPM colour scheme but the darkest Saudi colour is chocolate brown rather than black and the next darkest colour appears less orange. The light khaki and stone shades are similar, but I must stress that the amount of dust in the atmosphere following a severe sandstorm the night before I took the photos affected how both the camera and the eye perceived colours. It is also worth noting that the pattern is not a duplicate of DPM but an approximate copy and as such the spattered edges are much less defined, plus some individual shapes are incomplete.

A Saudi Arabian Special Security Forces (SSF) team poses for us after the Dynamic Display dress rehearsal at World Defense Show 2022 ~ gloves are used for fast-roping [© Bob Morrison]
One for the patch enthusiasts ~ some typical SSF left sleeve insignia ~ note that trousers worn by operator in the background do not have the plain coloured panel below the waistband [© Bob Morrison]
The trousers worn by this SSF operator do have the plain coloured back panel ~ the cut and detail of both trousers and UBACS are similar to Crye garments but I could not spot any external tell-tale maker labels
[© Bob Morrison]


Turning now to Security Aviation, the mission of this branch is to: Devote the Command’s aviation services to maintain the country’s national security, in cooperation with other security sectors, and to provide the citizens with humanitarian services such as rescue, search, fire-fighting etc.

The Security Aviation branch of the Presidency of State Security wear a blue and grey disruptive pattern material [© Bob Morrison]

It’s Duties are to:

  • Save the lives of missing people and detainees, and help and fully support them during search and rescue operations.
  • Support the security sectors to enforce the systems when required.
  • Provide security, safety and control for pilgrims during Hajj and Umrah seasons, and in other occasions.
  • Maintain the safety of important national sites and infrastructures.
  • Provide the operational crews with the needed support potentials.
Back panel of a Security Aviation combat shirt ~ the over-printing and the spray effect areas of the grey shade give the impression that this is a six-colour camo even though only three rollers are used [© Bob Morrison]

The blue/grey camo uniform worn by SA is another DPM variant, again with less spatter on the edges and some incomplete or partial shapes when compared to the British temperate / Woodland original or the first version orange Omani pattern. In this case the four colours, photographed on a day with much less dust in the atmosphere, are Stone, Blue, Gray and Black. It should be noted that where the blue and grey shapes overlap, rather than dovetail, it looks like a fifth colour has been used and where the grey shapes appear lightly sprayed rather than solid this can give the effect of a sixth colour being used.


The third camo pattern here was worn by a member of the Special Emergency Forces, which is a counter-terrorism unit said to be run along the lines of the French GIGN and, unlike the Special Security Forces which are military in nature, this organisation is more of a law enforcement (police) organisation.

The Special Emergency Forces camo is similar in concept to the US 1980s ‘Choc Chip’ pattern but in addition to using very different colours does not appear to be a direct pattern copy [© Bob Morrison]

The SEF camo pattern is six-colour with reddish brown, dark grey and khaki on a light stone base with black ‘pebbles’ and earth brown ‘shadows’ around them. This appears to be a derivative of the US ‘Choc Chip’ camo pattern widely used as a desert camo through the 1980s until replaced by US ‘Coffee Stain’ from 1991, but again this is not a direct copy of the original.

Back panel of a Special Emergency Forces combat shirt ~ many variations of ‘choc chip’ style camo have been worn by different arms of service in Saudi Arabia over the last thirty or so years [© Bob Morrison]

It had been my hope to catch up with the Saudi SSF contingent once WDS 2022 commenced properly, and one of the operatives agreed to pose for a four-view when there was more time, but regrettably their main displays were cancelled on account of the bad weather and they did not return to the expo site. Maybe I will get another chance in the future… insha’Allah.

Not camouflage, of course, but the SSF also have Black Teams ~ note how the sleeve insignia, especially the round Special Operations Forces or SOF patches on the right upper arm, are the same as those worn on the disruptive pattern camo uniform [© Bob Morrison]


[images © Bob Morrison]

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